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The United States, France, Britain and Germany asked the United Nations Security Council to investigate and take “appropriate action” against Iran for conducting a ballistic missile test earlier this month, which they say violated U.N. sanctions.A report to the council committee monitoring sanctions against Iran from the four countries, which U.S. Ambassador Samantha Power raised at a council meeting, said the medium-range missile launched by Iran on October 10 “is inherently capable of delivering a nuclear weapon.”A serious violationIt said the missile firing is “a serious violation” of a Security Council resolution adopted on June 9, 2010 that banned Iran from undertaking “any activity related to ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using ballistic missile technology.”The launch was Iran’s first missile test since the historic nuclear deal reached on July 14 between Iran and six world powers — the U.S., France, Britain, Germany, Russia and China.While condemning the ballistic missile test, the United States has made clear that it is “entirely separate” from the nuclear deal, which is aimed at preventing Iran from developing atomic weapons.Ms. Power called the launch ‘provocative” and said she underscored to the council “that the United States considers it to be a serious matter that undermines regional stability.”“We call on the [sanctions] committee, with the support of the independent U.N. panel of experts, to review this matter quickly and recommend appropriate action,” she said in a statement.Britain’s U.N. Ambassador Matthew Rycroft said the action “will depend on their technical experts’ view of the launch.”“It’s clear in our view that is a violation of the relevant Security Council resolutions which remain in force after the Iran deal,” he said.Mr. Rycroft said everyone wanted to see the Iran nuclear deal implemented “properly and fairly and fully by all parties, but that includes ensuring that launches of ballistic missiles which are in clear violation of Security Council resolution have to be pursued.”Last Friday, after Ms. Power announced that the U.S. had determined that the test violated U.N. sanctions, President Barack Obama said: “Iran has often violated some of the prohibitions surrounding missile testing.”Mr. Obama said the Iran nuclear deal was never intended to resolve the range of other issues where the U.S. and Iran have significant differences, including ballistic missiles.
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